History[ edit ] The first bike sharing projects were initiated by local community organisations, or as charitable projects intended for the disadvantaged, or to promote bicycles as a non-polluting form of transport, or they were business enterprises to rent out bicycles. The first documented bike-share project began in Europe in   the group Provo painted fifty bicycles white and placed them unlocked in Amsterdam for everyone to use freely. In the utopian novel of a society that does not use fossil fuelsCallenbach describes a bicycle sharing system which is available to inhabitants and is an integrated part of the public transportation system.
History[ edit ] The first bike sharing projects were initiated by local community organisations, or as charitable projects intended for the disadvantaged, or to promote bicycles as a non-polluting form of transport, or they were business enterprises to rent out bicycles.
The first documented bike-share project began in Europe in   the group Provo painted fifty bicycles white and placed them unlocked in Amsterdam for everyone to use freely.
In the utopian novel of a society that does not use fossil fuelsCallenbach describes a bicycle sharing system which is available to inhabitants and is an integrated part of the public transportation system.
It was initiated by Morten Sadolin and Ole Wessung. The idea was developed by both Copenhageners after they were victims of bicycle theft one night in The systems can be grouped into five categories or generations.
Many bicycle programmes paint their bicycles in a strong solid colour, such as yellow or white. Painting the bicycles helps to advertise the programme, as well as deter theft a painted-over bicycle frame is normally less desirable to a buyer.
However, theft rates in many bike-sharing programmes remain high, as most shared-use bicycles have value only as basic transport, and may be resold to unsuspecting buyers after being cleaned and repainted. In response, some large-scale bike sharing programmes have designed their own bike using specialised frame designs and other parts to prevent disassembly and resale of stolen parts.
Rental bikes in Turku, Finland Short-term checkout Main article: In this system a bicycle can be rented or borrowed from a location and returned to that location.
These bicycle renting systems often catere to day-trippers or tourists. The locations or stations are not automated but are run by employees or volunteers.
Regional programs have been implemented where numerous renting locations are set up at railway stations and at local businesses usually restaurants, museums and hotels creating a network of locations where bicycles can be borrowed from and returned e.
ZweiRad FreiRad with at times 50 locations . In this kind of network for example a railway station master can allocate a bicycle to a user that then returns it at a different location, for example a hotel.
Some such systems require paying a fee, and some do not. Usually the user will be registered or a deposit will be left by the renting facility. It later grew to 32 automatic and 19 staffed stations making it a hybrid between a zero generation and third generation system.
Long-term checkout Main article: A bicycle is checked out to one person who will typically keep it for several months, and is encouraged or obliged to lock it between uses. A disadvantage is a lower usage frequency, around three uses per day on average as compared to 2 to 15 uses per day typically experienced with other bike-sharing schemes.
Advantages of long-term use include rider familiarity with the bicycle, and constant, instant readiness. The bicycle can be checked out like a library booka liability waiver can be collected at check-out, and the bike can be returned any time. For each trip, a Library Bike user can chose the bike instead of a car, thus lowering car usage.
The long-term rental system generally results in fewer repair costs to the scheme administrator, as riders are incentivised to obtain minor maintenance in order to keep the bike in running order during the long rental period.
Most of the long-term systems implemented to date are funded solely through charitable donations of second-hand bicycles, using unpaid volunteer labour to maintain and administer the bicycle fleet.
While reducing or eliminating the need for public funding, such a scheme imposes an outer limit to program expansion. The Arcata Bike Libraryin California, has loaned over bicycles using this system.
White bicycles for free use, in Hoge Veluwe National Parkthe Netherlands Also known as free bikes, unregulated or first generation. In this type of programme the bicycles are simply released into a city or given area for use by anyone.The Township of Tiny is seeking applications for vacancies on the Police Services Board, Midland Public Library Board and Mayor’s Charity Golf Tournament Working Committee.
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