Differences in individuals essay

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Differences in individuals essay

Individual Differences

Institutions uneducable in the ordinary sense. It does not follow that the exceptionally bright child will become a Newton, Goethe, Shelley, or Galton. Many other conditions have to be fulfilled. The child would need zeal, energy and opportunity.

Very brilliant children may tend to become isolated, particularly if they have poor or restricted home backgrounds. Their vocabulary and thought is on different plane from that of their relations and intimates: The ideal conditions for brilliant child are that his home and surroundings should be cultured and intellectually stimulating.

Galton was such a child, that he enjoyed a stimulating and intellectual background at home. Conditions were nearly ideal for him. When the psychologist speaks of an aptitude has in mind the potentiality a person has to succeed in an occupation or school attainment.

He devises tests to discover in advance whether a person has an aptitude for learning foreign languages or for engineering. The aptitudes which interest us most at the end of the primary school years are those for the different kinds of secondary education. It is primarily a question of aptitudes, on the one hand, for academic, abstract and bookish education and, on the other, for practical, constructive, creative, technical education.

Clearly the problem of variations from individual to individual if these aptitudes relates to the similar problem of variation in the quality of intelligence, which we have just discussed in the previous section. Are these individual differences so marked as to justify our view that the aptitudes for the two broad field of study really exist?

The answer is affirmative on the whole The tests and other situations designed to measure the aptitudes correlate very significantly with the later measure of attainment in the grammar or technical school subjects.

This measure is called the criterion, and the correlation between aptitude tests and the criterion given the predictive power of the tests.

Differences in individuals essay

The choice of a criterion, whether of success in a grammar or technical school, presents some difficulty. For instance, we usually make use of examination results, but a child may profit more from a secondary school than his success in school examinations reveals.

For all that, success in examinations during and at the end of school ranks very high in the pupils, parents, teachers and employers opinion of what constitutes secondary school progress. Such estimates have to be discussed carefully to avoid unwanted 'halos'.

Generally the fuller and richer the criterion the less objective it is. The simple compromise seems to lie in the five or fifteen point scale, preliminary discussion of the scale, and the choice of concrete examples to illustrate the criterion; for the benefit of those required to make the assessments.

Graded Scale The graded scale can also be applied to less tangible features of the secondary pupil's development-his emotional and social reactions to school life, his interests and aptitudes-which form a considerable part of his 'profit' in the secondary school.

It is unfortunate that the interest we have shown in the past in attainment in the barest 'core' subjects of the three R's has itself limited the children's opportunity for enriching their experience and making the widest use of their powers.

This tendency has been further aggravated by the objective test methods used to evaluate attainment in Arithmetic and 'English, for these methods tend to be reflected in current teaching practice. When the pupil passes to the grammar school we assume that the richer the curriculum the better.

It is also particularly important to apply this principle fully in the curriculum of the secondary modern school. Any topics which interest a child are of significance in his education, but two fields of his interests are of particular value: Among interests in school subjects, those marking off academic or bookish interests from practical and non-literary interests may be of assistance in the allocation of pupils to secondary schools.Australopithecus afarensis.

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In a comparison essay you should critically analyze any two subjects, finding and pointing out their similarities and/or differences. The University of Washington School of Computer Science rushed to dismiss an article by one of its professors arguing that sex differences account for the fact that women are less likely to pursue.

Biological Differences Between Men and Women With Respect to Physical Aggression and Social Stability. Mar 23,  · For me, a natural response to the challenge is to learn from the example of the biological differences that exist between males and females.

The differences between the sexes are far more profound. Differences in Individuals Essay by pierce_d35, University, Bachelor's, A, April download word file, 11 pages download word file, 11 pages 0 votes.

Neuroses and neuroticism: Differences, types, and treatment