Religion[ edit ] With approximately 27 million worldwide[ citation needed ] Sikhs are adherents to the fifth-largest religion in the world, Sikhism, making up 0. Migrations of Sikhs during the era of the Gurus were limited to the boundaries of modern-day India and Pakistanand in particular restricted to the Sikh tribal heartland of the Punjab Region. The development of the Sikh Confederacy and the development of the Sikh Empire —led to Sikhs migrating to conquered parts of their empire such as Ladakh and Peshawar. However these migrations were limited, transitory and unsustained, depending on the Empire's fluctuating boundaries.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Visual Distinctively visual images of India and Sri Lanka Ceylon Indian art is the term commonly used to designate the art of the Indian subcontinent, which includes the present political divisions of India, Kashmir, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
The earliest urban culture of the subcontinent is represented by the Indus Valley civilization c. The circumstances in which this culture came to an end are obscure.
Although there is no clear proof of historical continuityscholars have noticed several striking similarities between this early culture and features of later Indian civilization.
The period immediately following the urban Indus Valley civilization is marked by a variety of essentially rural cultures. A second urbanization began to occur only around the 6th century bc, when flourishing cities started to reappear, particularly in the Gangetic Basin. The Buddha lived and preached in this period, which culminated in the great Maurya Empirewhose relatively few works are the earliest surviving remnants of monumental art.
The Maurya Empire spread over almost all of what is modern India and Pakistan. Territories as extensive were never possessed by any other dynasty. With its fall, the empire broke up into a number of states ruled by many dynastiessome of which acquired considerable power and fame for varying periods of time.
Though these kings were Hindu by religion, Buddhist monuments form the great majority of surviving works.
Around the mid-4th century, the Gupta dynastyof indigenous origin, rapidly expanded its power, uprooting the last remnants of foreign rule and succeeding in bringing almost all of northern India under its sway.
The period extending from the 4th through the 5th centuries is marked by the most flourishing artistic activities.
In addition to the Buddhist monuments, there are the first strong indications of specifically Hindu patronage. Works of remarkable beauty and elegance were produced in this period, which is commonly called the Golden Age of India.
The disintegration of these two empires toward the close of the 5th and the 6th centuries ushered in what has been called the medieval period c. Their rise to power and their decline was part of a constantly recurring process, for none of them was able to hold onto a position of even relative paramountcy for any extended period of time.
Most of the dynasties of medieval India were Hindu, though some Jaina and a very few Buddhist kings are also known. The various faiths, however, existed in comparative harmony; and Buddhist and Jaina monuments continued to be built, though most of the surviving works are Hindu.
By the end of the 12th century, almost all of northern India had been conquered. The Muslim powers were also divided into many kingdoms, despite attempts made by the sultanate of Delhi, and later by the Mughals, to achieve paramountcy over large portions of India. These attempts were successful only for short periods of time.
As a whole, the European advent was marked by a relative insensitivity to native art traditions, but rising nationalism attempted a conscious revival of Indian art toward the end of the 19th century. In modern times, the absorption of European influence is a more natural, freer process that affects artistic development in a vital and profound way.
General characteristics of Indian art The unity of Indian art Indian art is spread over a subcontinent and has a long, very productive history; but it nevertheless shows a remarkable unity and consistency.
Works produced in the several geographical and cultural regions possess decidedly individual characteristics but at the same time have sufficient elements in common to justify their being considered manifestations of a general style.
The existence of this style is evidence of the essential cultural unity of the subcontinent and to the uninterrupted contact between the various geographical units, at least from the historical period onward. Developments in one area have been quickly reflected in the others.
The regional idioms have contributed to the richness of Indian art, and the mutual influences exercised by them have been responsible for the multi-faceted development of that art throughout the course of its long life.Bucking Broadway Bucking Broadway () is a Western with much comedy and romance.
It is also notable for its often beautiful visual style.
A beautiful shot near the start has the hero sitting quietly on his horse, perched above a huge landscape. Guardian Deity (Kongorikishi) () Temple sculpture in clay & wood.
Japanese Art (c, BCE - ) Guide to the Arts & Crafts of Japan. Here is a short introduction to the origins, influences, and historical development of five important types of visual arts from Japan.
Distinctively visual Using your prescribed text and a text of your own choosing explain how text present distinctively visual images and how these images shape meaning in the texts The text of my own choosing is “The Coral See” which conveys many distinctive experiences typical of the Great Barrier Reef.
right out of film school (USC), as a reaction to the Watergate scandal and to the increasing crime and urban decay going on in New York in the 70s, something he had witnessed from a trip there.
Transcript of Distinctively Visual - Run Lola Run Analysing the Film 'Run Lola Run' by Tom Tykwer is a stunning film incorporating an array of distinctively visual techniques. Ronneby is a luxuriously designed and extensively developed, very easy to use and immensely user and developer friendly, laboriously polished and very high quality, pliable and wonderfully customizable, technologically seamless and extremely robust and reliable, safe and secure, super responsive WordPress high performance multipurpose website theme.