Through his writings, his actions and his education, Locke worked to educate not only White America, but also the Negro, about the beauty of the Negro heritage. He emphasized the idea that no single culture is more important than another. Yet it was also important to give sufficient attention to one's own culture and its beauty. This was Locke's philosophy of cultural pluralism.
Explain the relationship between the growth of absolutism and the "iron century" in Europe. What factors, if any, limited the exercise of complete absolutism? What elements within European states were most likely to oppose absolutism?
What tactics did the rulers use in dealing with these elements? Describe Louis XIV's use of theater to centralize state power in the royal person. What did the Quietists and the Jansenists teach?
Why did Louis XIV consider these groups a threat? How did he deal with that threat? How did Colbert's policies as finance minister illustrate the objectives of mercantilism?
What aspect of Colbert's reform program was most successful? Did his sovereign master help or hinder its success? What were the difficulties in the way of establishing absolutism in Germany?
Did these difficulties discourage the various princes from trying? By what instruments did Frederick William, the "Great Elector," make Brandenburg-Prussia a strongly centralized state?
Which elements of society under absolutist regimes were best able to retain their privileges in succeeding eras? Describe some of the outward displays of monarchical authority used by European rulers to illustrate their ideas of royal authority.
Why did revolution come under James rather than under Charles? How did the "Glorious Revolution" of and its aftermath ensure that the English monarchy would henceforth be limited?
What aspects or consequences of the Revolution of could be considered as less than "glorious"? On what grounds did John Locke establish the right of revolution?
Why were his theories particularly useful to the leaders of the English Revolution of ? What is meant by the emergence of a "state system"? How did this differ from what preceded it?
The growth of foreign ministries and embassies in European capitals reflected a desire to achieve international stability.
Why was diplomacy also "a weapon in the armory of the absolutist state"? How was the character of warfare changing during this period? What were the stakes at issue in the War of the Spanish Succession?
Summarize the provisions of the Treaty of Utrecht of What particular advantages accrued to the British?
Explain the term "enlightened absolutism. To what extent did the absolutism of eighteenth-century rulers become enlightened? Why was Catherine the Great able to establish a more nearly total absolutism in Russia than were contemporary Habsburg rulers in Austria?Sharp fluctuations of moral absolutism and moral relativism are also among the attitudes of intellectuals revealed in this study.
The moral absolutism is reserved for the stern judgments of their own society, while a pragmatic moral relativism appears when they give the benefit of the doubt to certain dictators and their political systems as long as they find them fundamentally praiseworthy.
A Manifesto Against the Enemies of Modernity. by James A. Lindsay and Helen Pluckrose; Posted on August 22, February 2, ; This document is very long and detailed so a brief bulleted summary is provided below for those who don’t have the hour it takes for a careful read.
Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson.
"The Will to Believe" is a lecture by William James, first published in , which defends, in certain cases, the adoption of a belief without prior evidence of its truth. Moralism, also know as moral absolutism, is the practice of interpreting the ethicality of various subjects (actions, people, etc.) as good or bad things based solely in terms of how well they conform to a particular moral code rather than by attempting to evaluate the harm or benefit caused by those subjects.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Jean Jacque Rousseau was a great philosopher born in Geneva on 28 June ; he died in Ermenoville in His contributions are social and political theories with the social contact of , an easy of fundamental questions of social justice and political legitimacy.