Page 7 of 8 Economic policies The Nazis tried to make Germany self-sufficient - that is, to produce all the goods it needed without having to rely on external supplies.
On September 12,Adolf Hitler became a member of this party, and at the first public meeting held in Munich, on February 24,he announced the party's programme. That programme, which remained unaltered until the party was dissolved inconsisted of twenty-five points, of which the following five are of particular interest on account of the light they throw on the matters with which the Tribunal is concerned: We demand the unification of all Germans in the Greater Germany, on the basis of the right of a self-determination of peoples.
We demand equality of rights for the German people in respect to the other nations; abrogation of the peace treaties of Versailles and Saint Germain.
We demand land and territory for the sustenance of our people, and the colonisation of our surplus population. Only a member of the race can be a citizen. A member of the race can only be one who is of German blood, without consideration of creed. Consequently no Jew can be a member of the race We demand abolition of the mercenary troops and formation of a national army.
In a typical speech at Munich on the 13th April,for example, Hitler said with regard to the Treaty of Versailles: At its foundation our movement formulated three demands. Setting aside of the Peace Treaty. Unification of all Germans. Land and soil to feed our nation. It was in this year that the Sturmabteilung or SA was founded, with Hitler at its head, as a private pare-military force, which allegedly was to be used for the purpose of protecting NSDAP leaders from attack by rival political parties, and preserving order at NSDAP meetings, but in reality was used for fighting political opponents on the streets.
In Marchthe defendant Goering was appointed head of the SA. The procedure within the Party was governed in the most absolute way by the leadership principle" Fuehrerprinzip. According to the principle, each Fuehrer has the right to govern, administer or decree, subject to no control of any kind and at his complete discretion, subject only to the orders he received from above.
This principle applied in the first instance to Hitler himself as the Leader of the Party, and in a lesser degree to all other party officials.
All members of the Party swore an oath of " eternal allegiance " to the Leader. There were only two ways in which Germany could achieve the three main aims above-mentioned, by negotiation, or by force.
The twenty-five points of the NSDAP programme do not specifically mention the methods on which the leaders of the party proposed to rely, but the history of the Nazi regime shows that Hitler and his followers were only prepared to negotiate on the terms that their demands were conceded, and that force would be used if they were not.
On the night of November 8,an abortive putsch took place in Munich. Hitler and some of his followers burst into a meeting in the Burgerbrau Cellar, which was being addressed by the Bavarian Prime Minister Kehr, with the intention of obtaining from him a decision to march forthwith on Berlin.
On the morning of the November 9, however, no Bavarian support was forthcoming, and Hitler's demonstration was met by the armed forces of the Reichswehr and the Police. Only a few volleys were fired; and after a dozen of his followers had been killed, Hitler fled for his life, and the demonstration was over.
The defendants Streicher, Frick and Hess all took part in the attempted rising. Hitler was later tried for high treason, and was convicted and sentenced to imprisonment. The SA was outlawed. Hitler was released from prison in and in the Schutzstaffel, or SS, was created, nominally to act as his personal bodyguard, but in reality to terrorise political opponents.
This was also the year of the publication of Mein Kampf, containing the political views and aims of Hitler, which came to be regarded as the authentic source of Nazi doctrine.
Other political parties were persecuted, their property and assets confiscated, and many of their members placed in concentration camps. On 26th April,the defendant Goering founded in Prussia the Gestapo as a secret police, and confided to the deputy leader of the Gestapo that its main task was to eliminate political opponents of National Socialism and Hitler.Twenty-five years later, the issue of individual decisions and the disruptions of the lives of citizens in Germany is the subject of Broken Lives: How Ordinary Germans Experienced the 20th Century.
Life in Nazi Germany: Germany is called Nazi Germany when talking about the era of Nazi government and Hitler’s rule in Germany. Germany was a different country in the rule of Nazi government because there were the rules of Hitler implemented to change the structure of a government totally.
If the regime was to be Hitler's and no one else's then he would need complete control over every aspect of German life, from schools, churches, courts, and people. This essay will examine each of the aspects of every day life, what the nazi's did to take control of it and how successful they were.
What this meant for ordinary people. It is easy to think that all Germans were affected by the Nazis in everything they did, but in practice many were able to continue with everyday life without.
- BBC debate-podcast on Life in Nazi Germany - Scott Allsop 's podcast on Life in Nazi Germany - Giles Hill on Nazi 2 Ordinary people. For ordinary people, life was good, and many Germans even today look back and remember the years before as happy years: But not all young people were happy with the Nazi regime: SOME girls were.
May 18, · After Hitler’s election in January , many groups of people volunteered to convert to the Nazi ideology, showing that many of the German people had shared values with the regime or were at least apathetic and saw the benefits to their ‘material well-being’ should they join.