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Need for Discussion Rabindra Ghimire 1 Abstract Energy is a basic requirement of the development and it has played very important role in macro economy.
Hydropower generation and its use in a wide range expected that Nepal can accelerate its pace of economic growth. During the years history of hydro power development, we are harnessing only 1. Past two governments envisioned clear picture on hydro power - production of 10 GW to 25GW within ten years to 20 years has bring a new momentum.
The ambitious plan can implement and achieve the goal if country has political stability, transparent and committed accountable mechanism and create suitable investment environment.
Background Energy is a basic requirement of the development and it has played very important role in macro economy.
Empirical studies show that there is a high correlation between the use of energy and economic growth Energy consumption is one of the main indicators of development of a country and hydroelectric power is one of the cleanest, renewable and environmentally benign sources of energy.
Nepal has more than 6, rivers and rivulets from where billion cubic meters of water flowing to the south. According to a study the theoretical hydropower potential of the country in terms of electrical energy isGWh per year based on average flow, and have 83GW theoretical and 43GW economically feasible hydro power potential.
Until we increase the portion of the hydro electricity drastically, we compel to deforest, destroy the environment and send the foreign currency to purchase millions of liter petroleum product paying valuable foreign currency.
Hydro power lubricates rapid and healthy economic growth. Despite abundant water resources, till date only 1. During last years history trend of hydro power production is not satisfactory.
Table 1 shows power production in different regime Rana regime To make available electricity to percent population and to meet the higher rate of economic growth, demand of electricity has forecasted MW and MW coming five and ten years respectively.
Electricity is identified as exportable product from which Nepal can earn billions of dollar. But, existing policies, strategies, mechanism and the working style would not be suitable to achieve the ambitious goal. Development Budget and Hydro Power Investment: History of hydro power development in Nepal is almost years long, but almost all hydro power projects were constructed after These projects were financed by foreign governments, development agencies and bilateral and multilateral organizations.
Beforegovernment had followed closed economic policy and there was no opportunity to private sector participation in hydro power. Table 2 shows the decade wise expenditure in development of the hydro energy, ratio of hydro power expenditure and development expenditure.
Policy Review To regulate the hydro power project and industries, GoN has formulated numbers of acts, rules, regulation and policies.
Ministry of Water Resources and Ministry of Energy, Water and Energy Commission, Department of Electricity Development, Nepal Electricity Authority, has right to formulate different policy, administer the hydro power development projects and enter into power purchase agreements.Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Nepal-Quick Summary.
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Presently, however, Nepal‟s foreign investment rules and regulations have been formulated on the basis of _____ Foreign Direct Investment in Nepal Page 4 of 15 the Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act, that was amended in in line with open and liberal economic policies.
Foreign Direct Investment in Nepal - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.5/5(1). A new World Bank Group report analyzes Nepal’s participation in global markets and recommends policies for increasing trade integration and boosting the economy.
As Nepal is organizing the ‘Visit Nepal Year’ with the aim of attracting 2 million foreign tourists in the year, the Himalayan country is also attracting growing amount of foreign direct investment (FDI) in .
Foreign Direct Investment and One Window Policy of , Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Acts of , Privatization Act of and Industrial enterprises Act of are the major trade and FDI related acts in Nepal.5/5(1).