I followed directions precisely and even made the corrections mentioned in comments. Can you provide more information? What OS are you using? Do you have Python and Tweepy installed?
For example, to install the keystone client, run the following command: As a result, it's safe to download the latest version of these packages, because they will work with all older versions of OpenStack services.
OpenStack Identity Service keystone OpenStack Compute Service nova Setting up a test environment To get the most out of this article, I recommend that you have access to an OpenStack cloud with administrator privileges so that you can try the code snippets.
If you don't currently have admin access to an OpenStack cloud, the simplest thing to do is deploy OpenStack inside a VM. The DevStack project was designed to makes it simple to create a development-oriented deployment of OpenStack on a single machine. You can also get a free account on TryStack, the community-maintained OpenStack sandbox.
Note that you can only get user-level privileges on TryStack, not admin-level privileges, so you won't be able to use TryStack to test any scripts that require admin privileges. OpenStack Identity keystone A client makes requests against the Identity keystone API by instantiating the appropriate keystone client Python object and calling its methods.
Listing 1 shows an example of using version 2. Creating an admin role with keystone import keystoneclient. A keystone endpoint accepts two types of credentials: If you are an administrator, you can use the admin token, which is a special token that has administrator privileges and never expires.
Authenticating with the auth token import keystoneclient. Instead, the OpenStack Identity developers recommend that you always use a user name and password for authentication after you have created a user who has admin privileges see Listing 3.
Authenticating with a user name and password import keystoneclient. Doing so allows you to avoid hard-coding login information into your scripts. Listing 4 shows an example openrc file. If these environment variables are set, the command-line tools keystone, nova will use them to authenticate against their API endpoints.
Load these environment variables into your current shell with the Bash source built-in command. If you use Bash as your standard shell, you may want to add this line to your. Let's create a Python file called credentials.
Note that keystone and nova use slightly different variable names in their client initializer methods, so I define separate functions for each.
When authenticating against the glance API, you will need to explicitly pass a keystone authentication token as an argument to the initializer, as discussed later. The Grizzly release of OpenStack Identity uses Public Key Infrastructure tokens by default, which are much longer than the universally unique identifier tokens for example, 7d9fdeff8ea5abfe used in previous releases of OpenStack.
Most interactions with the keystone API either read from the keystone back-end database or modify it. Most interactions with the API happen by making calls on Manager objects. A Manager represents a collection of objects of the same type.
For example, a UserManager manipulates keystone users, a TenantManager manipulates tenants, a RoleManager manipulates roles, and so on.
The managers support operations such as create create a new objectget retrieve an object by IDlist retrieve all of the objectsand delete.
Creating users, tenants, and roles Typically, one of the first tasks you perform when deploying OpenStack is to create a keystone tenant, and then a keystone user with administrative privileges.
Listing 7 shows an example of how to automate this process by using the Python API. The script performs the following tasks: Create a user role Client."If you have 2 or more python 3.X.x versions, you will only see the latest one." Won't it instead show whichever one has its containing directory listed first in the PATH environment variable?
Why would running python3 always run the highest (sub)version of python3 that is installed? Or, in practice, won't it show whatever version the /usr/bin/python3 symbolic link points to, which need not be. Core API¶. fmt/core.h defines the core API which provides argument handling facilities and a lightweight subset of formatting functions..
The following functions use format string syntax imilar to that of Python’s rutadeltambor.com take format_str and args as arguments.. format_str is a format string that contains literal text and replacement fields surrounded .
A Foolish Consistency is the Hobgoblin of Little Minds. One of Guido's key insights is that code is read much more often than it is written. The guidelines provided here are intended to improve the readability of code and make it consistent across the wide spectrum of Python code.
Description Retrieves the force or torque applied to a joint along/about its active axis. This function retrieves meaningful information only if the joint is prismatic or revolute, and is dynamically enabled.
A Foolish Consistency is the Hobgoblin of Little Minds. One of Guido's key insights is that code is read much more often than it is written. The guidelines provided here are intended to improve the readability of code and make it consistent across the wide spectrum of Python .
I have JSON data stored in the variable data. I want to write this to a text file for testing so I don't have to grab the data from the server each time. Currently, I am trying this: obj = open.