By Geetha Varadarajan Apr 28, Textile industries play a very important role in the development of the Indian economy with respect to GDP, Export promotion, employment, etc. It is the one of the oldest manufacturing industry in India. It is the second largest industry after agriculture which provides skilled and unskilled employment.
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On a Saturday afternoon, a group of teenage girls leaf through glossy fashion magazines at a New Jersey outlet mall. Far away in Tanzania, a young man proudly wears a T-shirt imprinted with the logo of an American basketball team while shopping at the local mitumba market for pants that will fit his slender figure.
Although seemingly disparate, these two scenes are connected Impact of garment industries on the the surprising life cycle of clothing. How does a T-shirt originally sold in a U. Globalization, consumerism, and recycling all converge to connect these scenes.
Globalization has made it possible to produce clothing at increasingly lower prices, prices so low that many consumers consider this clothing to be disposable.
Fast fashion provides the marketplace with affordable apparel aimed mostly at young women. They have to have the latest thing, always. And since it is cheap, you buy more of it. Disposable couture appears in shopping mall after shopping mall in America and Europe at prices that make the purchase tempting and the disposal painless.
Yet fast fashion leaves a pollution footprint, with each step of the clothing life cycle generating potential environmental and occupational hazards.
For example, polyester, the most widely used manufactured fiber, is made from petroleum. With the rise in production in the fashion industry, demand for man-made fibers, especially polyester, has nearly doubled in the last 15 years, according to figures from the Technical Textile Markets.
The manufacture of polyester and other synthetic fabrics is an energy-intensive process requiring large amounts of crude oil and releasing emissions including volatile organic compounds, particulate matter, and acid gases such as hydrogen chloride, all of which can cause or aggravate respiratory disease.
Volatile monomers, solvents, and other by-products of polyester production are emitted in the wastewater from polyester manufacturing plants. The EPA, under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, considers many textile manufacturing facilities to be hazardous waste generators.
Issues of environmental health and safety do not apply only to the production of man-made fabrics. Cotton, one of the most popular and versatile fibers used in clothing manufacture, also has a significant environmental footprint. This crop accounts for a quarter of all the pesticides used in the United States, the largest exporter of cotton in the world, according to the USDA.
The high production of cotton at subsidized low prices is one of the first spokes in the wheel that drives the globalization of fashion. In her book The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy, Pietra Rivoli, a professor of international business at the McDonough School of Business of Georgetown University, writes that each year Americans purchase approximately 1 billion garments made in China, the equivalent of four pieces of clothing for every U.
According to figures from the U. National Labor Committee, some Chinese workers make as little as 12—18 cents per hour working in poor conditions. Increasingly, clothing being imported to the United States comes from countries as diverse as Honduras and Bangladesh. But this figure is rapidly growing.Jul 01, · Poor working conditions, minimal environmental regulations, and child and slave labor are commonplace in the $1 trillion garment industry.
Fierce global competition in the garment industry translates into poor working conditions for many laborers in developing nations. (top) A worker in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, rests on the floor of a garment . But the overall impact the apparel industry has on our planet is quite grim.
Fashion is a complicated business involving long and varied supply chains of production, raw material, textile manufacture, clothing construction, shipping, retail, use and ultimately disposal of the garment. Impact of Apparel Industry on the Economy of Sri Lanka Apeksha Embuldeniya1 Abstract Impact of Apparel Industry on the Economy of Sri Lanka, as the research topic indicated the dependent variable of this study was the Economy of Sri Lanka that is measured with Gross Domestic Product garment industry took off immediately (Industry Capability.
The Economic Impact of the Fashion Industry Page 5 Three of the most prominent design schools are located in New York City—Parsons The New School for Design, Pratt Institute, and Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT).
Impact of GST on textile industry could be determined only after final rates are declared for the goods.
Presently, most of the garment manufacturers opt for either complete excise duty.