They are generally classified as Northwestern Iranian languages, or by some scholars as intermediate between Northwestern and Southwestern Iranian. Windfuhr identified Kurdish dialects as Parthianalbeit with a Median substratum. Windfuhr and Frye assume an eastern origin for Kurdish and consider it as related to eastern and central Iranian dialects.
The Aramaic language has fewer consonants than Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to existing letters in order to avoid ambiguities. Further diacritics indicating short vowels were introduced, but are only generally used to ensure the Qur'an was read aloud without mistakes.
There are two main types of written Arabic: Classical Arabic - the language of the Qur'an and classical literature. It differs from Modern Standard Arabic mainly in style and vocabulary, some of which is archaic. All Muslims are expected to recite the Qur'an in the original language, however many rely on translations in order to understand the text.
It is the language of the vast majority of written material and of formal TV shows, lectures, etc.
Each Arabic speaking country or region also has its own variety of colloquial spoken Arabic. These colloquial varieties of Arabic appear in written form in some poetry, cartoons and comics, plays and personal letters.
There are also translations of the bible into most varieties of colloquial Arabic. Arabic has also been written with the HebrewSyriac and Latin scripts. Notable Features Type of writing system: Additional letters are used when writing other languages.
The only exceptions to this rule are crossword puzzles and signs in which the script is written vertically. Vowel diacritics, which are used to mark short vowels, and other special symbols appear only in the Qur'an.
They are also used, though with less consistency, in other religious texts, in classical poetry, in books for children and foreign learners, and occasionally in complex texts to avoid ambiguity.
Sometimes the diacritics are used for decorative purposes in book titles, letterheads, nameplates, etc. Arabic script Arabic consonants The transliteration of consonants used above is the ISO version of There are various other ways of transliterating Arabic.
This chart shows how the letters change in different positions Arabic vowel diacritics and other symbols Arabic chat alphabet When chatting online some Arabic speakers write in the Latin alphabet use the following letters:Mainly Arabic and Kurdish (northern Iraq).
They are the main official languages. Arabic is the most widely spoken language though. Actually, Iraq is the only country where Kurdish is an official language (The Iraqi Kurdish account for about one fourth of .
-The Arabic belongs to the Semitic family of languages that include Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Akkadian, Amharic, and Phoenician.-Both the Arabic and Hebrew languages derive from the Aramaic language, which was spoken at the time of Christ and still spoken in parts of Syria, and Iraq.
Modern Standard Arabic (اللغة العربية الفصحى / al-luġatu l-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā) - the universal language of the Arabic-speaking world which is understood by all Arabic speakers.
It is the language of the vast majority of written material and of formal TV shows, lectures, etc. The Kurdish language has been written using four different writing systems. In Iraq and Iran it is written using an Arabic script, composed by Sa'id Kaban Sedqi.
More recently, it is sometimes written with a Latin alphabet in rutadeltambor.com: Kurdistan, Anatolia, Khorasan. Mesopotamian Arabic, or Iraqi Arabic, is a continuum of mutually-intelligible varieties of Arabic native to the Mesopotamian basin of Iraq as well as spanning into Syria, Iran, southeastern Turkey, and spoken in Iraqi diaspora communities.
The most widely spoken language in Iraq is the Arabic language (specifically Mesopotamian Arabic); the second most spoken language is Kurdish (mainly Sorani and Kurmanji dialects), followed by the Iraqi Turkmen/Turkoman dialect of Turkish, and the Neo-Aramaic languages (specifically Chaldean and Ashuri).Regional languages: Syriac-Aramaic, Feyli Lurish.