Prose[ edit ] Two of the most important Elizabethan prose writers were John Lyly or — and Thomas Nashe November — c. Lyly is an English writer, poet, dramatist, playwright, and politician, best known for his books Euphues: Lyly's mannered literary style, originating in his first books, is known as euphuism. Lyly must also be considered and remembered as a primary influence on the plays of William Shakespeare, and in particular the romantic comedies.
This period is usually referred to as The Renaissance during which innumerable changes in the culture of England became manifest. In the beginning, many scholars point to the end of the middle ages as the beginning of the Renaissance.
This is often tied to the deposing of King Richard III who was killed in battle and dropped unceremoniously into an unmarked grave, naked and unmourned. With the rise of the Tudor monarchs a new era was begun. The cultural changes of the Renaissance had been an ongoing process in Europe for a hundred years before, most notably in Italy and France.
At the core of this change was the idea of "renewal" or "rebirth" - the meaning of the word renaissance. Among those things reborn was the interest in the learning from the classical ages, primarily Greek and Roman culture.
In the Middle Ages, such interests were actively repressed by a dominating church and its partner the Feudal System.
Both of these kept the majority of people in England tied to the values of the church and the control of the feudal lords for whom they worked. Literacy was almost non-existent among the masses, and any attempt to educate people other than for work in the church or government was actively and brutally discouraged.
After the Renaissance is allowed to expand into England, a passion for literacy, learning, and creativity emerged. The works of the ancients of the Classical Period were gathered up from the monasteries and studied widely.
The increase in the interest in the ideals of the Romans and Greeks created a new hunger for a philosophical perspective the people of England could embrace.
That philosophy was humanism, the belief system which advocated the improvement of the human condition based on the pursuit of virtues drawn from the teachings of the ancient philosophers such as Cicero.
Humanism was not an attempt to discredit Christianity; rather, the humanists pursued the knowledge of the classics in order to bring them into harmony with the teachings of the church.
Contrary to the perception of many, the Renaissance actually emerged from the attempts of the Roman Catholic Church, especially in Italy to discover and add to scholarship to develop this harmonic relationship between what was secular and what was religious.
Another factor in the leaps and strides of the Renaissance in England was the arrival of the printing press developed by Johannes Gutenberg ? The press made publication of large numbers of books and as a result the wider distribution of material on which to build a greater literacy among the people of England.
Inyears after it had been invented and widely used in Europe, the printing press arrived in England.
The owner of that first press, William Caxton ? Why such a delay? England was a remote island off the west coast of Europe and had long been considered a barbaric and unenlightened land by some in Europe who believed the centers of advanced civilization existed in Italy, France, and Spain.
While literacy was on the rise, so was an increased sense of national identity which, for the English, was a necessary redefining of themselves and the development of a culture of its own and not just a patchwork of cultures resulting from occupying forces and peoples which had been underway since the time of the Roman occupation begun by Julius Caesar.
Since that time, wave after wave of invaders attempted a permanent occupation of the island. As the Celts and the Bretons were displaced by the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, so were they by the Norman invasion of a.
The renaissance enabled the increasing numbers of literate English to develop their own identity, accommodating their past and developing their own virtues and values of their own. With the Tudor monarchs also came a newer, stronger, more determined line of Kings and Queens who shaped the political and cultural change in England.Shakespeare, the Renaissance Man Shakespeare was born toward the end of the Renaissance period and was one of the first to bring the Renaissance’s core values to the theater.
Shakespeare embraced the Renaissance in the following ways.
Lyly must also be considered and remembered as a primary influence on the plays of William Shakespeare, and in particular the romantic comedies. Lyly's play Love's Metamorphosis is a large influence on Love's Labour's Lost, and Gallathea is a possible source for other plays.
William Shakespeare died years ago this month, on April 23, His complete works—at least 38 surviving plays (including several collaborations), sonnets, and five narrative poems. It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Please check your internet connection or reload this page.
The edition of Ben Jonson's Works names him on the cast lists for Every Man in His Humour () and Sejanus, His Fall (). The absence of his name from the cast list for Jonson’s Volpone is taken by some scholars as a sign that his acting career was nearing its end.
The Shakespeare tragedies often focus on the fall of a nobleman. By presenting the audience with a man with excessive wealth or power, his eventual downfall fall is all the more tragic. External pressures.