Tracking westward, the disturbance encountered a more favorable environment in the South China Sea ; as a result, thunderstorm activity began to increase. However, the system failed to develop any further before wind shear reemerged in the Gulf of Thailandcausing convection to diminish and resulting in the cancellation of the TCFA.
Introduction to Cyclone Phailin in India: Effective disaster planning, preparation and dissemination of early warning information led to a minimal death toll in the wake of the strongest cyclone to hit India in 14 years.
In mid- October, Cyclone Phailin swept over the Bay of Bengal and across the eastern coast of India, causing hundreds of millions of dollars in damage and affecting the livelihoods of 13 million people. The evacuation of more than a million people in the states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh in response to effective early warnings resulted in a much lower death toll than a catastrophic cyclone of similar strength that struck inleaving 10, people dead.
Continued early warning efforts could have similar positive results in the future, and when accompanied by good communication and adequate preparation, impacts of disasters could be mitigated or even prevented.
This bulletin will focus on the lessons learned from Cyclone Phailin and how they can be applied to other disasters such as the recent Typhoon Haiyan.
Why is this Issue Important? A satellite image of Cyclone Phailin is pictured in Figure 9. The impacts of Phailin and ensuing floods affected more than However, early warning alerts, disseminated four days before Phailin struck land, allowed for the evacuation of approximatelypeople on or by 11 October.
Ultimately, a total of nearly 1. Early warning also allowed for the relocation of more than 30, animals. A total of 21 lives were lost as a result of the cyclone and an additional 23 lives due to severe flash flooding in the aftermath of the cyclone.
Government cooperation, preparedness at the community level, early warning communication and lessons learned from Cyclone 05B contributed to the successful evacuation operation, effective preparation activities and impact mitigation.
This event exhibits the importance, benefits and effectiveness of the use of early warning for a massive disaster. Initiatives Taken to Deal with Cyclone Phailin: From tothe Asia-Pacific population living in cyclone-prone areas increased from However, significant improvements in disaster management, preparedness, forecasting capabilities and early warning, such as the improvements exhibited by India during Cyclone Phailin in Octoberhave helped to mitigate some disaster- related impacts.
Preparedness and early warning communications and activities had been much improved since the comparable Cyclone 05B 14 years earlier. This initiative has led to the construction of new cyclone shelters, operating in places such as schools and community centers to ensure regular maintenance.
Cyclone shelters have proven to be useful as 75 shelters operated by the Indian Red Cross provided safety to more thanpeople during Phailin with some shelters holding up to people. Regarding forecasts, the India Meteorological Department IMD was able to predict wind velocity more accurately, contributing to better forecasts and more effective early warning communications.
Warnings from the IMD were disseminated as early as four days before Phailin made landfall, as compared with two days of warning provided for Cyclone 05B in In addition to early warning alerts that prompted evacuations, precautions to protect cattle were taken and reservoirs were lowered to mitigate anticipated flooding.
Also, preparedness meetings were held among various Disaster Response Teams in Odisha and volunteer teams, such as the International Federation of Red Cross IFRCwere also on hand to assist with evacuation and relief.
Benefits of Early Warning in Coastal Districts: Early warning enabled coastal villages to be evacuated, especially those in Puri and Ganjam districts in Odisha. As many asresidents of Puri district andresidents of Ganjam district were evacuated.
But the environment was not as fortunate. The cyclone breached the natural coastal barrier of Chilika, destroying kilometres of its delicate mangrove forests, which are favoured by some migratory species and several endangered plants and animals.
A significant proportion of casuarina forests, which served as a protective barrier for residents of the area, were buried by sand. Yellow arrows in Figure 9. Now that the barrier between Chilika and the Bay of Bengal has been breached, protection from future events is compromised, demonstrating the importance of continued early warning efforts, establishment of new damage-control mechanisms, restoration of forest ecosystems, and incorporation of ecosystem-based adaptation measures.
Implications for Policy Regarding Cyclone Phailin: Globally, the number of lives lost to hydro-meteorological disasters, such as cyclones, has decreased 10 times, yet the recorded economic losses have increased 50 times.
In addition, as countries continue to develop and urban growth increases, the quantity of assets exposed to disasters will increase as well. To reduce future economic loss and impacts on livelihoods, overarching DRR management plans, in conjunction with EWS, could be developed to establish medium- and long-term plans that address appropriate land use zoning, development of infrastructure and agricultural planning WMO, n.
Examples of disaster risk management activities identified by the OSDMA in its Disaster Risk Reduction Programme include urban vulnerability assessment and mapping, amending building codes accordingly and increasing access to local level financial mechanisms and mitigation funds.
Financing mechanisms such as cash transfer programmes for immediate offsets of costs, weather-related insurance and planning could also accompany these plans to help mitigate economic impact.
The role of cooperation and effective communication between local and national officials was evident during Cyclone Phailin. For governments looking to emulate the collaborative approach the Indian government took, policies could be put in place to encourage participation at local and national levels for early warning communication, recovery and relief efforts.
Moreover, the involvement of the community and the private sector are also essential to the establishment and implementation of prevention policy. Since its inception inthe project has helped to increase disaster preparedness and early warning communication down to the local level.
A reported additional evacuation shelters are to be built under this project and 28 were operational during Phailin.We will write a custom essay sample on Report on Cyclone and Its Effects in Orissa in October specifically for you for only $ $/page.
On October 29 (Friday) , Essay on Super Cyclone in Orissa Biswajit Advertisements: The post effects of the cycle were much severe than the effect during cyclone itself. There were carcasses scattering here and there of human, cattle and other animals.
Roads were blocked by uprooted trees and electric and telephone poles. The Odisha cyclone The cyclone on 29 October at its record peak intensity, as it made landfall on Odisha.
Formed: 25 October () Dissipated: 4 November () (Remnant low Although its primary effects were felt in a localized area of India, Lowest pressure: hPa (mbar); inHg, (Record low in North Indian Ocean). Tropical cyclone Essays and Research Papers | rutadeltambor.com StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes An essay on cyclone A cyclone is a very violent storm.
It never comes alone. Report on Cyclone and Its Effects in Orissa in October We will write a custom essay sample on Report on Cyclone and Its Effects in Orissa in October specifically for you for only $ $/page. We will write a custom essay sample on Report on Cyclone and Its Effects in Orissa in October specifically for you.
for . Essay on Report on Cyclone and Its Effects in Orissa in October Satellite image of Orissa Cyclone in Bay of Bengal. Source: NOAA On 29 October, the cyclone made landfall near the city of Bhubaneswar, in the state of Orissa, India. Maximum sustained surface wind speeds at landfall were.