When they divide, stem cells have the potential to become any type of cell needed, such as brain, blood or muscle cells, this is what makes them different from other types of cells. There are a couple of different stem cells however, adult stem cells and embryonic.
This contributes greatly to the understanding of how organisms function and how to cure diseases previously considered non-treatable.
Inthe Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to two scientists: Yamanaka and Gurdon produced groundbreaking research in a controversial study of stem cells.
Their experiments focused on manipulating living cells and generating so-called pluripotent stem cells iPSCs. Studying stem cells, as it is expected, will cause a breakthrough in curing a wide variety of degenerative diseases.
Stem cell research can now be conducted without controversy, and people with a wide variety of degenerative diseases can have hope for a cure Cook, The research of Gurdon and Yamanaka are 40 years apart and represent many separate milestones.
They did not work on this project together. Gurdon was working on cloning with tadpoles inand Yamanaka discovered how to reprogram mature human cells so that they could revert to their primitive state. His work has become the basis for the cloning procedure. Yamanaka took that understanding and built his research on it.
Using mouse skin cells, he returned them to an embryonic state and demonstrated how these cells could then redevelop into any part of the body Holmes, They are examining each disease at the cellular level so they can understand them.
Scientists are hoping to replace damaged cells with healthy ones, as well as find therapies that can help control degenerative diseases. Other physical ailments this discovery can help with are type 1 diabetes, serious spinal cord injuries, and muscular degeneration. Doctors are giving heart attack victims infusions of cardiac stem cells to increase the vitality of the heart muscle and to help it pump.
Also, special stem cells are used in trials for patients with retinal disease, which causes blindness, to determine whether stem cells can restore their sight Holmes, Yamanaka and Gurdon were awarded the Noble Prize because their revolutionary discovery removed roadblocks to further scientific research.
Controversy has hampered research in this area of science, even though it has the potential to make life better for people and also to save many lives.
Previously, governments around the world had forbidden experimentation on human embryos and the Vatican had condemned the studies.
All of those arguments concerning stem cell research have been removed.
Stem cell research has been a controversial topic for years. Yamanaka purposefully attempted to develop a procedure that would push science forward as well as silence critics.
The Nobel Prize Committee awarded the prize to these two scientists because of the potential to research further into areas that will benefit humankind. Retrieved on December 31, from http: The Lancet, Australasian Science, 33, Jun 21, · Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr.
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The issue of stem cell research is politically charged, prompting biologists to begin engaging in ethical debates, Stem cell research offers great promise for understanding basic mechanisms of human development and differentiation, as well as the hope for new treatments.