In90 percent of Bangladesh's total earnings from garment exports came from its exports to the United States and Europe. Bangladesh was expected to suffer the most from the ending of the MFA, as it was expected to face more competition, particularly from China. However, this was not the case.
In addition, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in the areas of poverty reduction, reducing the prevalence of underweight children, increasing enrolment at primary schools, lowering the infant mortality rate and maternal mortality ratio, improving immunization coverage and reducing the incidence of communicable diseases.
The MDGs are a set of quantified and time-bound goals marked as a strong commitment to the right to development, to peace and security, to gender equality, to eradication of many dimensions of poverty and to sustainable human development. To bring the people of lagging countries into mainstream development countries there are currently adopted the MDGs having eight goals, 21 targets and 60 indicators in The terminal year of the Millennium Development Goals MDGs is drawing near and it is encouraging to note that Bangladesh has already met several targets of the MDGs like reducing headcount poverty and poverty gap ratio, attaining gender parity at primary and secondary education, under five mortality rate reduction, containing HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs, children under five sleeping under insecticide treated bed nets, detection and cure rate of TB under DOTS and others.
In addition, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in reducing the prevalence of underweight children, increasing enrolment at primary schools, lowering the infant mortality rate and maternal mortality ratio, improving immunization coverage and reducing the incidence of communicable diseases.
According to the MDG Bangladesh Country Reportdespite having resource constraints, Bangladesh is on the right track in achieving MDG targets with remarkable successes in poverty alleviation, gender equality, checking infant death and reining in HIV spread and tuberculosis. The figures clearly indicate that arrangement of own resources contributed the most to the MDG achievement.
Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Bangladesh has made commendable progress in respect of eradication of poverty and hunger. It has sustained a GDP growth rate in excess of 6 percent in recent years that has played a positive role in eradicating poverty.
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger iii The inclusive growth has resulted in impressive poverty reduction from The latest HIES data show that the incidence of poverty has declined at an annual rate of 2.
Bangladesh has already met one of the indicators of target 1 by bringing down the poverty gap ratio to 6. Bangladesh has already achieved gender parity in primary and secondary enrolment. Initiatives have been taken to introduce pre-school education to prepare the children for formal schooling.
The government is in the process of implementing a comprehensive National Education Policy to achieve its objectives. The Constitution of Bangladesh has provision for free and compulsory primary education. The challenges under MDG 2 include attaining the targets of primary education completion rate and the adult literacy rate.
A large part of the physically and mentally retarded children remains out of the schooling system. The quality of education is also a challenge at the primary and higher level. This positive development has occurred due to some specific public interventions focusing on girl students, such as stipends and exemption of tuition fees for girls in rural areas, and the stipend scheme for girls at the secondary level.
Bangladesh has made significant progress in promoting the objectives of ensuring gender equality and empowerment of women. Bangladesh has already achieved the targets of gender parity in primary and secondary education at the national level.
The Education Assistance Trust Act, has been passed and the Education Assistance Trust established to benefit the underprivileged meritorious students. In an effort to overall development through female education and women empowerment, the government has newly introduced first ever Education Trust Fund for students of graduate or equivalent level and allocated Tk 1, crore for this year.
From the interest of the fund, the government would distribute Taka Benevolent persons and education lovers have been urged to donate money to this fund and their donation would enjoy tax-waving facility.
Reduce Child Mortality Bangladesh is on track in meeting the target of this goal measured in three different indicators like under-five mortality rate, infant mortality rate and immunization against measles. Reduce child mortality v The successful programs for immunization, control of diarrhoeal diseases and Vitamin A supplementation are considered to be the most significant contributors to the decline in child and infant deaths along with potential effect of overall economic and social development.
Despite these improvements, there are challenges ahead. While the mortality rates have improved, major inequalities among the population segments still need to be addressed.AWID is an international, feminist, membership organisation committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women’s human rights.
women’s role in ecological protection and its sustainable development Involving women in protecting the environment would help societies . Drawing on International Development Association (IDA) funding and expertise since , Ethiopia has dramatically transformed the landscape for supporting women entrepreneurs, lending over $2 million to growth-oriented women entrepreneurs per month, and supporting over 10, women with loans and.
Contribution of variables to the role performance of char women in maintaining sustainable livelihoods in Bangladesh The main purpose of the study was to determine the contributing variables to the role performance of char women in maintaining sustainable livelihoods. Farah Deeba Chowdhury is Associate Professor (on leave) of Political Science at the University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
She specialises in the areas of women and Islam, women and politics, women and work, and women in law and society. Abstract: This study is a qualitative analysis of women’s contribution to the household economy.
This particular study development of economy. Educated women in Pakistan cannot stay idol. They work to decrease Findings from Bangladesh .